Municipal by-laws are public regulatory laws which apply in a certain area.
The main difference between a by-law and a law passed by a national/federal or regional/state body is that a by-law is a made by a non-sovereign body, which derives its authority from another governing body, and can only be made on a limited range of matters.
A local council or municipal government gets its power to pass laws through a law of the national or regional government which specifies what things the town or city may regulate through by-laws It is therefore a form of delegated legislation within its jurisdiction and specific to those areas mandated by the higher body, a municipal by-law is no different than any other law of the land, and can be enforced with penalties, challenged in court and must comply with other laws of the land, such as the country’s constitution.
Municipal by-laws are often enforceable through the public justice system, and offenders can be charged with a criminal offence for breach of a by-law. Below is the list of By-laws for the Tsantsabane Municipality.